正在庆祝60周年的北韩已成为世界上的最后一个斯大林主义国家。在一个如此充满限制的社会里,尽管可能,然而国民很难了解外面的世界,也很难被外面的世界了解。来自北韩的照片要么是国家制作的,要么是国家批准的,要么至少是国家管理的(访客的行动受到限制)。尽管如此,当你阅览下面这些受到限制的图片时,你仍然可以对北韩2008年的生活有所了解。这些照片都是在过去的6个月里拍摄的,一些是从边境拍摄的,其余是北韩提供的,其中一些是由自由摄影机 Eric Lafforgue大方提供的,他在这个国家度过了一段时间。

Young koreans hold up colored display cards to form a background image for a performance of North Korea's Mass Games on September 12, 2008. The Mass Games are designed to entertain or celebrate holidays, and place emphasis on group dynamics rather than individual prowess. This particular show's name is "Prosper the Motherland!", dedicated to the 60th Anniversary of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, celebrated on September 9th. (© Eric Lafforgue)

在2008/9/12的群众集会上,年轻的朝鲜人举着涂有颜料的牌子,形成表演的背景。此演出是为了庆祝节目,以及强调集体主义高于个人精神。此次特别演出的主题是“繁荣祖国”,献给北韩的60周年纪念。

 

2

A North Korean propaganda village is seen from the Yeolsoe Observatory in the southern limited line in Yeoncheon, South Korea, about 62 km (39 miles) north of Seoul August 27, 2008. (REUTERS/Jo Yong-Hak)

从南韩天文台看到的北韩宣传村。

 

3

A North Korean man paddles his boat along the banks of the Yalu River in front of one of the the destroyed bridges that once linked China and North Korea, near the town of Qing Cheng, located around 50 kilometres north of the Chinese border city of Dandong September 12, 2008. (REUTERS/David Gray)

A North Korean man paddles his boat along the banks of the Yalu River in front of one of the the destroyed bridges that once linked China and North Korea, near the town of Qing Cheng, located around 50 kilometres north of the Chinese border city of Dandong September 12, 2008. (REUTERS/David Gray)

一位北韩人在一座废弃的桥前沿着鸭绿江边划着小船,此桥连接北韩和中国

 

4

A female soldier walks on a road in the countryside. Photographer Eric Lafforgue: "I do not know where they go, I do not know what they do, but when you're in the countryside, you see many soldiers walking... far from anything." (© Eric Lafforgue)

一位女兵在乡间小路上行走。摄影师Eric Lafforgue说,“我不知道他们要走向哪里,我不知道他们在做什么,但是当你在乡间,到处都看到士兵在行走。。。。。。漫无目的。”

 

5

Apartment houses in North Korea are seen across the demilitarized zone (DMZ) between the two Koreas from Kimpo city, north of Seoul, South Korea, Wednesday, Sept. 10, 2008. (AP Photo/ Yonhap, Baek Seung-yul)

在两韩边界非军事区看到的公寓楼。

 

6

A boat carrying North Korean soldiers travels along the Yalu River towards the North Korean town of Qing Cheng, located around 50 kilometres north of the Chinese border city of Dandong September 12, 2008. (REUTERS/David Gray)

载着北韩士兵的船沿着鸭绿江驶向青城镇。

 

7

A swimmer from the "Yalu River Swimming Association" swims wearing goggles in the Yalu River opposite the North Korean town of Sinuiju, in the Chinese border city of Dandong September 12, 2008. Each day, in warm months, hundreds of Chinese swimmers plunge into the narrow Yalu river which divides their country from North Korea, with dozens kicking the 500 metres to the opposite side for a rest and a glimpse of the neighboring, withdrawn communist state. (REUTERS/David Gray)

中国人在鸭绿江上游泳,在游到对岸休息的同时,一瞥这个孤僻的共产主义邻居。

 

8

A North Korean man comes down a ladder in front of an abandoned factory complex along the banks of the Yalu River near the North Korean town of Qing Cheng, September 12, 2008. (REUTERS/David Gray)

一位北韩人在一座鸭绿江边的废弃工厂里下梯。

 

9

A female North Korean soldier peers out from behind a tree as she patrols the border fence along the banks of the Yalu River near the North Korean town of Qing Cheng, near the Chinese border city of Dandong September 12, 2008. (REUTERS/David Gray)

一位北韩女兵在巡逻时从树后凝视。

 

10

A combination photo shows a North Korean soldier preparing his gun as a tourist boat approaches while he sits with fellow soldiers outside an army installation on the banks of the Yalu River near the North Korean town of Sinuiju, opposite the Chinese border city of Dandong September 13, 2008. (REUTERS/David Gray)

组合图:当旅游船靠近时,一位北韩士兵持枪戒备。

 

11

Eric Lafforgue: "The highways in North Korea are huge and carless. Planes could land there. You can even see kids playing in the middle of the road. Security is a major problem because children and old people are not used to seeing cars, so they cross over the roads at any time, without watching out for oncoming traffic. The only cars you can see sometimes on highways are military ones, and most of them are stopped by the side of road, broken down. Or you can also see brand new Mercedes cars belonging to the North Korean officials passing by at very high speeds." (© Eric Lafforgue)

摄影师Eric Lafforgue:“北韩的公路宽阔,车辆稀少。飞机都可以降落。你甚至可以看到孩子们在路中心玩。安全很成问题,因为孩子和老人很少看到车,所以他们随便地过马路,不看看过往车辆。路上能看到的车都是军车,很多车就停在路边,坏掉了。或者你也能看到北韩官员崭新的奔驰车飞驶而过。”

 

12

Two North Korean soldiers observe the south side at the truce village of Panmunjom in the demilitarized zone (DMZ) that separates the two Koreas since the Korean War, north of Seoul, South Korea, on Thursday, Sept. 11, 2008. (AP Photo/ Lee Jin-man)

两位北韩士兵在非军事区的板门店观察南韩。

 

13

hree North Korean girls walk past their house along the banks of the Yalu River near the North Korean town of Qing Cheng, near Dandong, China on September 12, 2008. In August, the United Nations World Food Program urged donors to separate politics from humanitarian aid as it appealed for US$60 million to help North Korea avert the worst food crisis it has faced since the 1990s. (REUTERS/David Gray)

三位北韩女孩走过鸭绿江边的房子。在八月,联合国世界粮食组织希望捐助者把政治和人道主义援助分离,并呼吁6000万美元的援助,以避免北韩类似在90年代最糟的粮食危机。

 

14

A North Korean woman washes clothes in front of houses along the banks of the Yalu River near the North Korean town of Qing Cheng, September 12, 2008. (REUTERS/David Gray)

一位北韩妇女在鸭绿江边的房子前洗衣服。

 

15

A woman carrying a baby on her back rides on a scooter with a North Korean soldier along the banks of the Yalu River near the town of Qing Cheng on September 12, 2008. (REUTERS/David Gray)

一位妇女背上背着小孩,和一位北韩士兵一起行驶在鸭绿江边。

 

16

Eric Lafforgue: "Pyongyang view, taken from Yanggakdo hotel. You can find a famous satellite picture on the net showing a map of the Korean peninsula by night, with a huge difference between the north and south. In North Korea, there is no public lighting, and people use very low wattage bulbs in their houses. The North Korean capital is as surreal by night as it is by day. Due to the fuel crisis there's hardly any traffic to be heard after dark, and nightlife is virtually non-existent. Only monuments are lit during local festivities. Every hour, on the hour, from 6 am to midnight, loudspeakers blast out a patriotic song. Tourists are totally forbidden from leaving their hotels to walk around town, even though Pyongyang is safe, that's the rule." (© Eric Lafforgue)

摄影师Eric Lafforgue:“平壤市景,摄于羊角岛宾馆。你可以在网上找到一张著名的朝鲜半岛卫星照片,显示南北韩晚上的巨大差别。在北韩没有公共照明,人们使用功率很低的灯泡。北韩首都晚上就象白天一样超现实。因为燃油危机晚上几乎没有车辆,事实上根本就没有夜生活。只有纪念碑在节日点着灯光。从6点到午夜,高音喇叭轰炸着爱国歌曲。游客禁止离开宾馆,尽管平壤很安全。”

译注:下面是朝鲜半岛夜景图,摄于2006年,上北下南。

The image below was used during an October 11, 2006, DoD News Briefing, shortly after North Korea conducted a nuclear device test in Kilju County, North Hamgyeong Province.

 

17

A view of Pyongyang streets, with a glimpse of the Ryugyong Hotel, a 1,083-foot tall skyscraper that was abandoned in mid-construction in 1992. (center, pyramid-shaped building in the distance.) Eric Lafforgue: "On Sundays, cars are not allowed in Pyongyang. Only vehicles belonging to the army and government are allowed on the road. Officials claim that it's to prevent pollution."

平壤街景。摄影师:“周日平壤禁止行车。只有军、政车辆允许通行。官员声称是为了防止污染。”


18

19 North Korean citizens and soldiers participate in celebrations for the 60th anniversary of the founding of North Korea in Pyongyang, September 9, 2008, in this picture distributed by North Korea's official news agency KCNA, September 10, 2008.

20 In this photo released by China's Xinhua News Agency, female soldiers march across the Kim Il Sung Square in Pyongyang, North Korea, while citizens hold up colorful bundles to form a large display on Tuesday, Sept. 9, 2008.

21 North Korean soldiers parade through Kim Il Sung Square in Pyongyang, North Korea, Tuesday, Sept. 9, 2008.

22 Female soldiers and their antiaircraft artillery parade through Kim Il Sung Square in Pyongyang, North Korea, Tuesday, Sept. 9, 2008. North Korea marked the 60th anniversary of its founding Tuesday amid news reports that the communist country's leader Kim Jong Il did not attend a closely watched parade amid recent speculation that he may be ill.

23 Thousands of North Korean people gather to watch and participate in a military parade through Kim Il Sung Square in Pyongyang, North Korea, Tuesday, Sept. 9, 2008.

24 A small gathering of North Korean soldiers in an informal moment. Eric Lafforgue: "Not an easy task to shoot a smiling soldier!"

25 A soldier speaks with an attendant in the audience for the Mass Games in Pyongyang, North Korea, Wednesday, Aug. 13, 2008.

26 Over 100,000 participants perform in the Mass Games held in Pyongyang, North Korea, Wednesday, Aug. 13, 2008. (AP Photo/Wally Santana) #
10万人参加的大型表演。

27 Young North Korean girls perform gymnastics alongside over 100,000 other participants perform in the Mass Games held in Pyongyang, North Korea, Wednesday, Aug. 13, 2008.

28 Hundreds of young women performing in the September 12, 2008 performance of North Korea's Mass Games.

29 Eric Lafforgue: "A ray of light during 'Prosper Our Country' Mass Games in Pyongyang stadium... I think there was more people on the ground than in the audience! Amazing show to see." (© Eric Lafforgue) #
摄影师:“平壤体育馆振兴祖国大型表演中的一道光。我认为演出人员比观众还要多!不可思议的演出。”

30 Not only does North Korea stage Mass Games, it also has Mass Dances. Here, a young woman participant is seen on April 15, 2008. Eric Lafforgue: "More than 100,000 dancers were standing on the giant square. The audience was invited to join them. The music was performed by a live band. The show lasted for one hour, then the lights were turned off, and less than 5 minutes the square was empty and everybody goes home in the dark streets of Pyongyang." (© Eric Lafforgue) #
北韩不仅有团体演出,还有团体舞蹈。这是一位年轻的妇女。摄影师:“巨大的场地里站着超过10万人的舞蹈演员。观众被邀请加入他们。音乐由现场乐队演奏。演出持续了一个小时,然后灯光熄灭,不到5分钟广场上已经空无一人,所有的人都走在平壤漆黑的街道上回家。”


31 A girl is seen performing a patriotic song during a show at Mangyongdae School children's palace on April 17th, 2008.

32 A child is seen outside a residential building in Pyongyang on April 12th, 2008. Eric Lafforgue: "On this sunday afternoon, all the kids were rehearsing for a Mass Game, and the parents too. So the buildings and and the streets around were totally void...Strange mood." (© Eric Lafforgue) #
一位小孩在平壤一幢居民楼的外面。摄影师:“在这个周日的下午,所有的孩子和父母一起参加大型演出的排练。因此所有的建筑和街道都空空荡荡。。。真是奇怪的感觉。”


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